Mahmud Al Hasan
Rediscovering Identity and Restoring African Values through Cultural Resistance: A Postcolonial Reading of Aimé Césaire's Poem "Notebook of a Return to the Native Land"
Rediscover, identity, restore, African values, cultural resistance, post-colonialism
The paper investigates Aimé Césaire's “Notebook of a Return to the Native Land" as a medium of rediscovering the identity and promoting African history, and civilization by means of a cultural revolution. It attempts to evaluate the nature of Césaire's “negritude" and its relevance. Césaire speaks of the necessity of a cultural renaissance and returning to his ancestral roots to end European colonialism and its physical and psychological harms. The study explores the deplorable conditions of the colonies because of the effects of colonial racism, and injustices. It outlines Césaire’s stance on what it means to be an African under the tyranny of France and his longing for the glorious past of Africa. It is a qualitative research where the textual analysis method is utilized as the select method and the primary data is collected from “Notebook of a Return to the Native Land” and it is critically explored through the lenses of post-colonialism.
About the Author
Mahmud Al Hasan is currently working as a lecturer in the Department of English at Ishakha International University Bangladesh (IIUB), Nilganj, Kishoreganj. He is also an aspiring writer and a freelance translator. He has already published one newspaper article in Bengali and translated multiple poems and short stories from English to Bangla and vice versa. He is very interested in sports and research projects. His research interests include feminism, postcolonialism, Marxism, partition literature, Bengali literature, South Asian literature, film studies and English Language Teaching (ELT).