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Scholarly Article

Mahmud Al Hasan

Identity Crisis, In-betweenness, and Psychological Trauma of Displacement: A Critical Study of Saadat Hasan Manto’s Short Story “Toba Tek Singh”

Partition, Identity, Psychological trauma, In-betweenness, Displacement

Published in 1955, Saadat Hasan Manto's “Toba Tek Singh” revolves around the issues of partition violence, the trauma of displacement, identity crisis, and the complexities of human psychology and so on. This paper attempts to study a madman's plight and dilemma to come to terms with the decision of exchanging mental patients based on their religious identity after the partition of India. The study again tries to highlight the madness of the people and the total disorder leading to an atmosphere of hostility and communal violence. It is a qualitative research where a textual analysis method is used, taking postcolonial theory as its theoretical scheme to analyze “Toba Tek Singh” in the contemporary context. The paper also seeks to highlight the issue of the postcolonial identity crisis of millions of people like Bishan Singh and their refusal to accept partition. The analysis is further substantiated by the data taken from secondary sources related to the field of study.
About the Author
Mahmud Al Hasan is currently working as a lecturer in the Department of English at Ishakha International University Bangladesh (IIUB), Nilganj, Kishoreganj. He is also an aspiring writer and a freelance translator. He has already published one newspaper article in Bengali and translated multiple poems and short stories from English to Bangla and vice versa. He is very interested in sports and research projects. His research interests include feminism, postcolonialism, Marxism, partition literature, Bengali literature, South Asian literature, film studies and English Language Teaching (ELT).
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